Geodesic measurements

Cadastral (geodesic) measurement of land plots is the exact determination of land plots formed, preparation of a plan and other data necessary to be registered in the Cadastral Database, and an exact coordination of turn-points of land plot borders (LKS – 94 in State System of Coordinates).

Cadastral (geodesic) measurements of land plots are performed:

  • In procedures of division, separation, combination, and amalgamation of land plots, registered in the Real Estate Register;
  • When changing the main targeted purpose, type and (or) nature of the use of land plots registered in the Real Estate Register, where the turn-points of borders and coordinates of landmarks were not determined in the state system of geodesic coordinates or in local systems of coordinates, related to this system;
  • In the formation of state land plots (except land plots to restore ownership rights and personal holdings in rural residential areas); when transferring ownership on private land plots (its parts), existing in cities, to other persons, where the turn-points of borders and coordinates of landmarks were not determined in state system of geodesic coordinates or in local systems of coordinates, related to this system;
  • Cadastral (geodesic) measurements are performed in other cases as well, if this is requested by the land owner. This service is relevant to both legal and natural persons wishing to know the exact area of land ownership and boundaries, in order to be able to dispose their real estate unhindered.

Cadastral (geodesic) measurements are performed using the most modern contemporary equipment for geodesic measurements. The latest GPS receivers and laser tachometers. Outside works are particularly facilitated by GPS (Global Positioning System) receivers, which determine the coordinates of a point accurate to the millimetre. Specialized software helps process outdoor measurements and provide them accurately, clearly and consistently according to the procedures established by the laws of the Republic of Lithuania.

Cadastral measurements are performed in accordance with provisions on real estate cadastre of the Republic of Lithuania, approved by Order No. 534 on the 15th of April in 2002 by the Government of the Republic of Lithuania (Revision of Resolution No. 695 of the Government of the Republic Lithuania on the 23rd of June in 2005) and in accordance with the collection and revision regulations of the cadastral measurements of real estate objects and cadastre data (Order No. 522 of the Minister of Agriculture of the Republic of Lithuania of 2002-12-30).

Documents necessary for performing geodesic measurements of land plots:

  • Land plot plan (preferably with a delimitation outline);
  • Certificate on the registration of immovable property and property rights to it in the real estate register;
  • Legal documents on the formation of real estate;
  • Cadastral measurement files of buildings and structures located in the land plot (if any).

Mapping (topographical image)

Mapping (topographical image) is the creation of topographical plans and maps. Topographic plans may be general or engineering, where all underground communications are displayed and the scale of these plans depends on the purpose of their usage.

Nowadays engineering topographic images, which are necessary when designing any buildings, laying new or renovating current communications and preparing detailed plans, are performed most frequently.
Cadastral measurements are just one part of a topographic image. The second part of work consists of their processing, drawing and combining with archival planned material, specifying various discrepancies, preparing digital version of the topographic image and arranging it with competent authorities.

A topographic image is valid for a year – if it is not used for its targeted purpose within this period of time, it is necessary to re-arrange the topographic images in competent institutions. Before that, a surveyor specialist must ensure that there are no changes within the area of the adjustable photo and if there are any – to re-measure.

Documents necessary to carry out mapping:

  • Land plot plan;
  • Certificate on the registration of immovable property and property rights to it in the real estate register;
  • Cadastral measurement files of buildings and structures located in the land plot (if any) and other documents.

Geodetic image of underground communications

These are geodetic measurements, when laid underground networks and communications, their heights (altitudes), and target position are measured in the State Coordinate System, indicating the distances from the characteristic and constant situation elements. The underground network and communication measurement data is added to the municipal digital or analogue data bases. In accordance with the established procedures, underground networks can be put into service only after making and adjusting geodetic images of these networks and communications.

Geodetic (control) image of buildings

When constructing a new building, it is essential to observe whether its main axes have not deviated from the project, because it directly affects the parameters, stability and durability of the building.
To serve this purpose, it is important to perform regular delineation works of building axes, thus determining and eliminating the deviation of unacceptable errors which may occur in the construction process and which have strong influence on the constructional elements of the building.

Modification of the usage procedures

Marking of land plots and buildings (structures)

Plans for a notarial contract

Determination of procedures for the usage of land plots among co-owners – when land plots have several co-owners who do not know where the limits of their land begin and end (or know this, but want to notarize this data), plans of usage are formed among co-owners. Plans are formed according to land plot parts of each land owner and their usage recorded in the register certificate, which show these parts. Usually these plans are made in order to sell only part of the land plot.

Forest marking

We perform the marking of the borders of land plots designated for forestry purposes, the restoration of landmarks and cutting of boundary lines.

Regulations for the management and use of private forests indicate the obligation of the forest owner to ensure the cutting of boundary lines, however, a boundary line is not necessarily trees and bushes cut at a distance of 1.5 m. According to the rules for the preparation of internal forest management projects, a boundary line is a line marking forest plot borders in nature when:

  • trees and bushes are cut at a distance of 1–1.5 m from the forest plot border towards the area of that forest,
  • or when undergrowth and trees growing along the boundary line are cut, marked with paint or bark cutting from the side of the boundary line
Živilė Švedaitė
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